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Safe & effective blood transfusion

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THE SAFE AND EFFECTIVE USE OF BLOOD Blood is a precious resource and should not be wasted. It is a two-edged tool that needs to be used judiciously. Blood can be life saving in many circumstances but a grave threat to life when used carelessly. The rational use of blood involves using the right product […]

Associations & Causations

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ASSOCIATIONS & CAUSATIONS “All scientific work is incomplete – whether it be observational or experimental. All scientific work is liable to be upset or modified by advancing knowledge. That does not confer upon us a freedom to ignore the knowledge we already have or postpone the action that it appears to demand at a given […]

Tuberculosis of GI Tract

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TUBERCULOSIS OF THE GI TRACT Tuberculosis – the problem-facts and figures Tuberculosis is  a disease commonly found in third world countries and is linked to dense population, poor nutrition and sanitation. TB is the single largest infectious cause of death among adults in the world, accounting for nearly 2 million deaths per year.95% of new TB cases […]

DENGUE and Dengue Hemorrhagic fever (DHF)

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DENGUE and Dengue Hemorrhagic fever (DHF) History The term “dengue” is a Spanish attempt at the Swahili phrase “ki denga pepo“, meaning “cramp- like seizure caused by an evil spirit“. It was given its name during a Caribbean outbreak in 1827-1828.Dengue pronounced Dengee, otherwise called break bone fever gets its name because it is a fever that […]

Drug protocols in extra pulmonary TB

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Treatment of Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis   Extrapulmonary TB is a paucibacillary condition and the yield of positive smear or culture may be low (30-50%).  Conventionally, extra pulmonary tuberculosis is classified into severe and non- severe forms. Meningeal tuberculosis, neurouberculosis, spinal tuberculosis, abdominal tuberculosis, bilateral pleural effusion, pericardial effusion, and bone and joint tubersulosis at more than one site […]