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What is Overflow Tearing? – In children

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Overflow Tearing What is Overflow Tearing? – In ChildrenDoctors refer to overflow tearing as a congenital stenosis of the nasal lacrimal drainage system. It is a common condition in infants and babies. In fact, approximately one-third of all infants are born with an overabundance of tears and mucus. It is also quite common for baby’s […]

Complications of mastectomy

Complications of mastectomy

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Complications of Mastectomy & Axillary Dissection Tutorial Content : 1. Introduction 2.Classification 3.List of complications 4.Management of individual complications  1. Introduction Post operative complications after Mastectomy & Axillary Dissection are : Usually preventable Easily recognisable Usually salvageable Well documented in literature  2.Classification of complications Intra operative Post operative early late 3.List of complications Death Major Haemorrhage […]

Urinary retention

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URINARY RETENTION Urinary retention is the occurrence of a total inability to void, and it may result from bladder outlet obstruction or from loss of detrusor contractility. In the later event neurogenic, myogenic, pharmacologic or psychogenic causes may be responsible. It may occur in an acute or chronic setting. In men with prostate outlet obstruction […]

Surgical anatomy

Surgical anatomy

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DEVELOPMENT, SURGICAL ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY OF THE BREAST   Development of the breast The breasts develop at 6-8 weeks of gestation from 2 strips of  ectoderm on the ventral aspect called the mammary ridges. The twin “milk lines” extend from the axillae to the pubic region. In humans, unlike other mammals, there is a persistence of  […]

Critical appraisal of medical literature

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 CRITICAL APPRAISAL OF MEDICAL LITERATURE Why read journal articles? We all understand the need to keep abreast of the latest developments in our field of work. But a matter of concern is the ‘information explosion’ in every sphere of human endeavor. The enormous amount of journals and journal articles that are currently available make it […]