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Stem Cells

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The Stem Cell Reality Stem cells and their applications have been making headlines with regularity, for the right as well as wrong reasons. Leading magazines such as National Geographic have carried whole issues devoted to stem cells. Certain terms used when talking about stem cells need to be explained. Definitions “Stem cell research” includes research into […]

What is Posterior Capsulotomy?

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Capsulotomy What is a Posterior Capsulotomy? Posterior capsulotomy is a surgical procedure, which is sometimes necessary to clear vision after cataract surgery is done with intraocular lens implant.  The normal lens inside the eye focuses light rays.  This lens has cellophane like outer lining called the capsule. The inner layers called the cortex and the nucleus is […]

Calculi

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URINARY STONES DISEASE    The occurrence of stones within the urinary tract is a problem that has plagued humans since the beginning of recorded history. Archaeologists have uncovered urinary stones in the mummified remains of Egyptians estimated to be more than 7,000 years old. Many improved methods of deal;ing with stones have been developed in […]

Reduction and stabilisation of fractures

Reduction and stabilisation of fractures

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PRINCIPLES OF FRACTURE TREATMENT General Treatment of injured patients First aid at the scene of accident Transport to a hospital Resuscitation : Airway, Breathing & Circulation Specific treatment of fractures Reduce Immobilise Rehabilitate REDUCE Can be closed or open reduction. Closed reduction or manipulation under anaesthesia for  Minimally displaced fractures. Fractures in children. Fractures that […]

Basic Biostatistics

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BASIC BIOSTATISTICS “Statistics is a curious amalgam of mathematics, logic and judgement” – Douglas Altman Health professionals (particularly doctors) have deep rooted fear of statistics. It is commonly held that statistics is an abstract science with no real life applications and that one has to have an IQ of around 1 40 or be a maths whiz […]