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What is Nystagmus?

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Nystagmus What is Nystagmus?  Nystagmus is an unintentional jittery movement of the eyes.  Nystagmus usually involves both eyes and is often exaggerated by looking in a particular direction. What Causes Nystagmus? Many conditions are associated with nystagmus.  Sometimes, the brain’s control of eye movements is poor, resulting in an inability to look steadily at an object.  Some forms of […]

Managing the red eye

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THE RED EYE – A PRACTICAL APPROACH Introduction The primary care physician frequently encounters patients who complain of a red eye. Many causes of the red eye, which present may be treatable. A simple classification such as Treatable red eye and Referable red eye may improve the management of this condition. Treatable red eyes are conditions such as hordeolum, chalazion, […]

What is Herpes Simplex Eye Disease?

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Herpes Simplex Eye Diseases What Is Herpes Simplex Eye Diseases? Herpes simplex is a virus that infects the skin, mucous membranes and nerves.  There are two major types of herpes simplex virus (HSV).  Type I is the most common and is responsible for herpes simplex eye disease and the familiar “cold sore” or “fever blister”.  Type II is […]

Patient positioning during surgery

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PATIENT POSITIONING, NERVE AND OTHER INJURIES DURING ANESTHESIA Introduction Man, who is well adapted to function for long periods of time in the upright position, assumes the horizontal position for rest, recuperation and sleep.  The sympathetic nervous system, which sustains the cardiovascular system in the upright position, gets the necessary time for recovery in the horizontal […]

Ulcerative colitis

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ULCERATIVE COLITIS  Clincial features  Watery diarrhea with blood and mucus  Males and females are equally affected. The disease occurs between 25 and 45 years. There are relapses and remissions There are two main types (i)       Chronic type (95%) – frequent watery stools, 10 to 15 daily; there may be tenesmus with colicky abdominal pain; patient is […]