Category: Opthalmology for paramedical professionals

Recommendations for eye check up -Children

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Eye check up – Children Recommendations for eye check up – Children Young children with vision problems often do not know the world is different from the way they see it. They may never have seen clearly, and they have no way of knowing their vision is not normal. Vision problems are treated more successfully […]

What Is Retinopathy of Prematurity?

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Retinopathy What Is Retinopathy of Prematurity? Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) refers to the presence of abnormal blood vessels and scar tissue growing within and over the retina or the screen of the eye. This condition primarily affects premature babies weighing less than 1.2Kg at birth.  Retinopathy of prematurity can be detected in the neonatal care unit […]

What is Posterior Capsulotomy?

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Capsulotomy What is a Posterior Capsulotomy? Posterior capsulotomy is a surgical procedure, which is sometimes necessary to clear vision after cataract surgery is done with intraocular lens implant.  The normal lens inside the eye focuses light rays.  This lens has cellophane like outer lining called the capsule. The inner layers called the cortex and the nucleus is […]

What is Overflow Tearing? – In children

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Overflow Tearing What is Overflow Tearing? – In ChildrenDoctors refer to overflow tearing as a congenital stenosis of the nasal lacrimal drainage system. It is a common condition in infants and babies. In fact, approximately one-third of all infants are born with an overabundance of tears and mucus. It is also quite common for baby’s […]

What is Optic Neuritis?

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Optic Neuritis What is Optic Neuritis? The optic nerve is the nerve of vision.  It carries images of what we see, coded as electrical impulses from the eye to the brain.  If some or all of the nerve fibers do not do their job, then the vision becomes blurred. Optic neuritis is the medical term used to […]

What is Optic Atrophy?

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Optic Atrophy What is Optic Atrophy? The optic nerve is the nerve of vision.  It carries images of what we see coded as electrical impulses, from our eye to our brain.  The optic nerve is like a cable of electrical wires, and consists of about 1,200,000 separate tiny wires, or nerve fibers.  Each of these carries a part […]

What is Nystagmus?

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Nystagmus What is Nystagmus?  Nystagmus is an unintentional jittery movement of the eyes.  Nystagmus usually involves both eyes and is often exaggerated by looking in a particular direction. What Causes Nystagmus? Many conditions are associated with nystagmus.  Sometimes, the brain’s control of eye movements is poor, resulting in an inability to look steadily at an object.  Some forms of […]

Living with one good eye

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LIVING WITH ONE GOOD EYE After loss of vision in one eye a person can still live a full productive life at whatever age the loss occurs. Children growing up with only one good eye never know the difference, develop, and learn along with their age groups. Older children or adults who suddenly lose vision […]

What Is Keratoconus?

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Keratoconus What Is Keratoconus? Keratoconus is an uncommon condition in which the cornea (the clear front window of the eye) becomes thin and protrudes.  Keratoconus literally means a cone shaped cornea.  This abnormal shape can cause serious distortion of vision. What Causes keratoconus? Despite continuing research, the cause of keratoconus remains unknown.  Although keratoconus is not generally considered […]

What Is Herpes Zoster?

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Herpes Zoster What Is Herpes Zoster? Herpes Zoster, commonly known as “shingles”, is a viral disease that causes a characteristic skin rash of small fluid-filled blisters (vesicles), which form scabs and can leave permanent scars. The first symptom is often severe pain or itching, followed by redness of the skin, and finally, the appearance of […]