Category: Head and neck surgery

Carcinoma of thyroid

Carcinoma of thyroid

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CARCINOMA THYROID INCIDENCE 0.6 & 1.6% of cancers among men and women PRESENTATION  As Carcinoma Solitary nodule As Nodular Goitre RISK FACTORS     Radiation and Cellular oncogenes (kras, ret)     TSH hypersecretion may stimulate its growth     Thyroid nodule in a child     Pre-existing Thyroid disease     Familial – Gardners, Men II, Cowdens     Iodine     Hormonal factors HIGH AND LOW […]

Parotidectomy

Parotidectomy

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Parotidectomy Of all the pathologies affecting the parotid gland, few can be treated without surgery parotidectomy forms a preliminary step in certain  major  procedures on the head and neck such as temporal bone  resections and is needed  as an approach to areas such as the Infratemporal fossa. The proximity of the great vessels of the head and neck  especially the internal […]

Principles of skull base surgery

Principles of skull base surgery

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PRINCIPLES OF SKULL BASE SURGERYINTRODUCTION Throughout modern medical history, the cranial base was regarded as surgically unapproachable because of the anatomic complexity and the importance of the vital structures within its boundaries. Site of Origin of Skull Base Lesions Extranicanail tissues Sinuses Pharynx Connective TissuesSkull base bone & cartilage Intracranial tissue Meninges Blood Vessels Cranial nerves […]